The Pirate Party & Postmodern Politics

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    18-May-2015

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A brief view of post modern politics, fragmented ideology and how they can be approached. Drawing from examples from the Swedish Pirate Party (Piratpartiet)

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  • 1. POLITICS OF FRAGMENTATION AND SIGNIFICATION by Anders Utbultideological change and non-verbal communication (anders.utbult@gmail.com) in the Swedish Pirate Party

2. This presentation is based on: Postmodernism by Glenn Ward (mainly chapter 8) Poststructuralism by Catherine Belsey Citizen Politics by Russel J. Dalton (chapter 2) Pirate Party-material from: Blogs Flickr Wikis 3. We will discuss: What changes could be seen in ideology in a postmodern society? How can these changes affect the role of the political party? How can this new situation be adressed by the political parties?In the context of The Pirate Party and the Swedishsociety and political system 4. Ideology & Postmodernism 5. The fragmentation of ideology Jean-Franois Lyotard (1979): The fall of the grand metanarrative No one single truth No universal ethics? The decline of class war and other boundaries Rise of individual issues, niche-politics Nationalism replaced by multi-culturalism, cosmopolitanism the globalized identity 6. A Structured Belief SystemIssueopinion StructuringIssue Issue opinionprincipleopinion (ideology) Issueopinion Source: Figure 2.1 Model of a Structured Belief SystemDalton 2006, p.17 7. A Hierarchial Belief SystemStructuring principleGeneralGeneralGeneral orientationorientationorientationSpecificSpecific SpecificSpecific Specific Specific issue issueissue issueissueissueSource: Figure 2.4 A Hierarchical Model of Beliefs Dalton 2006, p.28 8. A Fractured Belief System?SpecificSpecific Issue IssueGeneral orientationSpecificSpecificIssueSpecific IssueIssue 9. Increased access to politics It is easier and cheaper to gain information National/international Science, statistics participate Writing, blogging, commenting organize Reducedlag but also a feeling of too much? 10. Changing the shape of politicsModern politicsPostmodern politics Focuses on unifying Focus on a diversity of individuals with different wievs and accepts them priorities Is based on ideology/a Dont believe in a single grand narrativetruth Uses traditional forums Focus on openess self of public debate analysing Uses one-way communication Is interactive 11. Introduction to Sweden 12. Sweden in brief Highly developed, democratic society 9 million people, 85% in urban areas Neutral, part of the European Union Talent, technology, tolerance 13. Swedish politics Parliamentary, representative democracy Social democratic 1932-1976, 1982-1991 Taxes and regulations strong welfare stateAlliance for Sweden The Red-Greens The Moderate Party The Social Democrats The Centre Party The Left Party The Liberal Party The Green Party The Christian Democrats 14. The Pirate Party 15. Background Founded in 2006 by IT-entrepreneur Rick Falkvinge Created its first party program through debate forums on the internet Gained popularity through debates concerning: FRA surveillance of internet communication IPRED copyright infringement law The Pirate Bay sharing content on the internet Won 7,1% of the votes in the election for the European parliament in June 2009 16. Main focus of the party Three areas: Sharedculture - Copyright Free knowledge - Patents Protected private life Surveillance & Integrity No views on other issues All levels: European, national, municipal, student Not the first party of this model but the first to be open about their narrow scope 17. Differences compared to other partiesEstablished parties The Pirate Party Focus on many/all areas of Focus only on its three specific society areas Base their politics on a Base their politics on common comprehensive ideologybeliefs, but only in certain and/or grand idasareas Uses electronic communication Uses electronic communication as a supplement to partyas the main form of party activitiesactivities Membership costs money and Membership is free and could is single be plural Definable within left/right Not definable within left/right 18. The Pirate Party and IdeologyIssueIssue Individual IndividualThe Pirate PartyIssueIndividual 19. Signifying the new Knowledge: Technical, statistical, communicational Often: Young, alternative, well informed (example) Openess: Finances, internal debates Day to day blogging Regain lost trust in the political game Interaction & Participation Politicsdecided through online forums User generated content: Blogs, YouTube, Campaigns Local inititatives without central control 20. Ways of communication Blog networking affecting media Constantly commenting Mocking, parodizing lack of knowledge Gaining publicity by being avant-garde Taking pride in not being serious and narrow focus Focus on participation/interaction rather than acceptance/support 21. The Pirate Party on the Streets Pluralism, but with common signs 22. Party leader Together with openess, easy access and easy participation: Signifying the open organisation 23. Team member or supporter? Top left: High members of the Pirate Party Top right: A Swedish hobby soccer team Bottom: Become a supporter campaign by the Social Democrats 24. Troubles ohoy? Success in European election low support in national politics Other parties catching up? Questionsconcerning digital culture Ways of communication/participation No current debate? Not serious enough for national politics? Focus on a broader perspective 25. Questions for debate: Does societys view on ideology change with events? Financial crisis leading to quest for easy answers? Is the fragmentation of ideology based on wealth or other factors? Newly founded Pirate Party of Canada Willthey have a chance? What national factors affect? 26. This presentation is avaliable at: http://korta.nu/pomo