. - . 2010

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  • 1. , , . . ,, 22 2010 . 2010 . 1

2. . . , " " " 2005 " 2005 " " . " " . , , , , . . , , , , , , , , , , . , , . , , , , . - . - . . , , : : : : 2 3. 3 4. 4 (( )) 5. 5 II 6. . . ? ? 6 7. PHILADELPHIA METROPOLITAN AREAPHILADELPHIA METROPOLITAN AREA (( ) ZRICH METROPOLITAN AREAZRICH METROPOLITAN AREA ( ) ( ) 7 8. 8 9. !! 9 10. 11. - 11 12. 12 13. ( ( II ) ) = = - 1980- - 1980- = = 2000- 2000- 13 14. , 1 -- 20 60 30-35% -, , -, , , 70 140 20-25% , , , 160 280 10-12% , , , >16>16 00 88,7%,7% 14 15. 38% 4,5- ! - . 15 16. 16 17. RIGHTSRIGHTS--OFOF--WAYWAY ROWROW?? 17 18. RIGHTSRIGHTS--OFOF--WAYWAY! ! 18 19. 19 20. ; ; , , , . 20 21. ,, grid citygrid city ; ; NETWORKING NETWORKING 21 22. ? ? , / 40 Institute for Research and Urban Planning of Cyritiba, 2005 - 38,5 Transportation Research Board, 2004 38 Division on Transportation Engineering University of Seoul, 2005 35,1 Transportation Research Board, 2004 10 29,6 Department for Transport, UK, 2007 - 22,1 Transportation Research Board, 2004 21,8 (), 2008 18 Transportation Research Board, 2004 22 23. , , , , 23 24. , , RICING PRICING 24 25. , , , . , . , , , , . . . , 1996 . . , 1996 . ; ; ! ! 25 26. (URBAN PLANNING) (URBAN PLANNING) ? ? 26 27. (18 (1869-1942)69-1942) -- I I I, I, I. I. : : , , ( ., 1906). ( ., 1906). 100 , 100 , CITYCITY MANAGEMENT MANAGEMENT 28. (1874 1942) (1874 1942) :: ;; - - .. : : . , 1910; . , 1910; . . , 1912., 1912. - - 100 , 100 , URBAN PLANNING URBAN PLANNING 28 29. (1890-1944) (1890-1944) :: : : ( . - .:1932). ( . - .:1932). ( .- .: 1937). ( .- .: 1937). :: , , , , .. 30. (1892 1946) (1892 1946) , , . . , , , , - - . . > , , , , , , , , .. : : (1934 (1934 1946 ).1946 ). 30 31. . (1877-1963). . (1877-1963). . : . : , , HENRY FORD MUSEUM,HENRY FORD MUSEUM, 1920 .1920 . .. ( ( . 1996 . 1996 ).). , , . . ( ) ( ) PARTICIPATION PARTICIPATION 31 32. PARTICIPATION PARTICIPATION 32 33. 33 : , , , , , , . , , , . , , , , , . 34. 34 35. , , .. .. . . .. .. , , . . , , ! , , ! PARTICIPATION PARTICIPATION 35 36. TRANSPORTATION CONVENIENCE VS CULTURAL HERITAGE URBAN DEVELOPMENT & TRANSPORTATION PLANNING () (, ) () , CULTURAL HERITAGE, TRANSPORTATION CONVENIENCE ( , , ) 36 37. : : ONLY BAS LANEONLY BAS LANE CARCAR POOLPOOL (): - ; - : -- ; - 37 38. : : PARK & RIDEPARK & RIDE , (, ) , () 38 39. : : BRT (BRT ( )) : ) ; ) 39 40. () () (243) (281) (378) (262) (334) 40 41. (566) (384) (350) (374) (334) 41 42. - ! ! 42 43. 43 44. 44 ( ) ( ) transportation planning & traffic engineeringtransportation planning & traffic engineering