1 1-1 christianity

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2. Outline:Backgroud of ChristianityA. RelationsB. The Introduction of Christianity: PuritanisC. Influence Conclusion 3. Backgroud of Christianity Christianity is a monotheistic religion based on the lifeand teachings of Jesus as presented in canonicalgospels and other New Testament writings. The three largest groups in the world of Christianity arethe Roman Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodoxchurches, and the various denominations ofProtestantism. The Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox split fromone another in the EastWest Schism of 1054 AD, andProtestantism came into existence during the ProtestantReformation of the 16th century, splitting from theRoman Catholic Church. 4. A. RelationChristianity Branch Number of Adherents Catholic968,000,000 Roman CatholicProtestantOrthdox 395,867,000 Other Christians275,583,000 Orthodox217,948,000Protestant Anglicans Major Traditional Branches of Christianity Puritanism (mid-1995; source: Encyclopedia Britannica) 5. B. Puritanism the late 16th and 17th centuriesTime: Purpose: topurify the Church of England Beliefs: Covenant of Works( ) is Gods promise to Adam. Covenant of Grace( ) is Gods promise to send the Holy Spirit. God predetermines who is to be chosen (Gods elect ) and who is predestined to be damned to hell. Requrements: work hard, spend little and invest for more business. Working hard and living a moral life were their ethics. they also advocated self-discipline and introspection. 6. Christian Definition: A person who adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion.Based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as recorded in theCanonical gospels and the letters of the New Testament.Faith groups: Four to seven meta-groups, (Roman Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy,Protestantism) Three wings, (conservative, mainline and liberal) Fifteen religious families, (Adventist, Baptist, Lutheran, Reform) Dozens of denominations, (from the Amish to The Way) Many systems of belief, (Arminianism, British Israelism, Calvinism)Personalities: God, Yeshua/Jesus, Mary, Saints, Satan/demons 7. Catholic Definition:The term "catholic", derived from the Greek word (katholikos), which means "universal" or"general", was first used to describe the Church in the early2nd century. 8. Catholic Roman Catholic doctrine:maintains that the Church is infallible when it definitively teaches a doctrine of faith or morals. Catholic worship is centred on the Eucharist, in which the Church teaches that the sacramental bread and wine are transubstantiated into the body and blood of Christ. The Church holds the Blessed Virgin Mary in special regard. Catholic beliefs concerning Mary include her Immaculate Conception and bodily Assumption at the end of her earthly life. 9. Orthodox History The Eastern Orthodox Churches trace their roots back to the Apostles and Jesus Christ. Apostolic succession established the seats of Patriarchy (for example see the Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem). Orthodoxy reached its golden age during the high point of the Byzantine Empire, taken over by the Bulgarian Orthodox Church and the Serbian Orthodox Church before it continued to flourish in Russia after the Fall of Constantinople. Numerous autocephalous churches have been established in Eastern Europe and Slavic areasOrthodox Church the second largest Christian denomination in the world, with an estimated 300 million adherents mainly in the countries of Belarus, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, and Ukraine, all of which are majority Eastern Orthodox.The Orthodox Church is composed of several self- governing ecclesial bodies, each geographically and nationally distinct but theologically unified. 10. Protestantism Definition: the term Protestant has been used in many different senses, often as a general term merely to signify Christians who belong to neither the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodoxy, or Oriental Orthodoxy Churches. Founders: the first major reformers and theologians( ) 14th centuryJohn Wycliffe, English reformer, the "Morning Star of the Reformation". 15th centuryJan Hus, Catholic Priest and Professor, father of an early Protestantchurch 16th century Martin Luther, church reformer, Father of Protestantism theologicalworks guided those now known as Lutherans. 11. Protestantism Movements Fundamental principles Scripture Alone The belief in the Bible as the supremesource of authority for the church.Justification by Faith Alone: The subjective principle of theReformation is justification by faith alone, or, rather, by freegrace through faith.Universal Priesthood of Believers: The universal priesthoodof believers implies the right and duty of the Christian laitynot only to read the Bible in the vernacular, but also to takepart in the government and all the public affairs of theChurch. 12. C. Influence persecution ( )of the Puritans, that brought about Puritanmigration to Europe (Holland) and America( the Plymouth Colony inwhat is now southeastern Massachusetts).Mayflower America:1.Traditon: New England also established another American traditionastrain of often intolerant moralism.2.American Values: American values such as individualism, hard work, andthe sense of equality.3.American Education: The foundation of a series of institutes, such asHarvard( )founded in 1636, College of William and Mary( ) in 1693, and Yale( ) in 1701. 13. Conclusion The Christianity is the most important religion inthe Western world. The development of theseveral branches and its beliefs caused a lot ofinfluences in history which have a great impacton American began since the voyage ofMayflower. To have a better understanding of the relationsbetween different branches and its beliefs helpus to learn western culture better. 14. Thank you ^^