Reported speech

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  • 1. REPORTED SPEECH

2. Reported statements Luis said: We are leaving tomorrow Luis said they were leaving the following day. 3. Reported statements Luis said: We are leaving tomorrow Luis said they were leaving the following day. 4. Changes Verb tenses: (a step to the past) Time and Place Pronouns and possessives. 5. Verb tenses John said: I am ill. I am reading. I often send e-mails. I saw Peter last night. I was reading. I have just seen Peter. I had never seen Peter. I will phone you. I am going to sleep. John said that... he was ill. he was reading. he often sent e-mails. he had seen Peter. he had been reading. he had just seen Peter. he had never seen Peter. he would phone me. he was going to sleep. 6. Verb tenses am/is/are Present continuous Present simple Past simple Past continuous Present perfect Past perfect will am/is/are going to was/were Past continuous Past simple Past perfect Past perfect contin. Past perfect Past perfect would was/were going to 7. Verb tenses (modals) John said: I can ski. I must /have to go. I may go John said that... he could ski. he had to go. he might go. Other modal verbs (could, might, should, ought to) do not change 8. Time and place Now. Today Tonight Tomorrow Next week Yesterday Last week Two weeks ago Then That day That night The following/the next day The following/the next week The day before/the previous day The week before/the previous week Two weeks before 9. Time and place Here This These Come bring There That Those Go take 10. Pronouns and possessives (In a logical way) I love you. he told her. He told her (that) ___loved___. He told her (that) he loved her. I need your advice, Ann told her parents. Ann told her parents that ___ needed ___ advice. Ann told her parents that she needed their advice. 11. Say or Tell Sally said (that) she loved him. Sally said to me (that) she loved him. Sally told me (that) she loved him. 12. Say or Tell? The teacher _____(that) the students were tired. The teacher said (that) the students were tired. Joan ____me (that) it was the funniest show she had ever seen. Joan told me (that) it was the funniest show she had ever seen. Mary ______ to us (that) she would call us that afternoon. Mary said to us (that) she would call us that afternoon. 13. Reported questions 14. Yes / No Questions Are you working these days? he said. He asked if/whether I was working those days. subj. + verb Did you speak to John last night? she asked She wanted to know whether/if I had spoken to John the night before. Subj. + verb 15. Wh- Questions Where did you go last summer?. He asked me where I had been the previous summer. subj. + verb How long were you waiting for us? She wanted to know how long I had been waiting for them. subj. + verb 16. A) YES / NO QUESTIONS: He asked/wanted to know/wondered whether / if we.. B) WH- QUESTIONS: He asked/wanted to know/wondered why we 17. Questions -Reporting verbs: ask, want to know, wonder, -Order of Reported Question: Subject + Verb (as in Statements) 18. Requests 19. Requests The teacher told us: Read the text! The teacher told us to read the text. I.O.+ to +INF She told us: Dont arrive late! She told us not to arrive late. I.O.+not to + INF 20. Some reporting verbs General Say Tell Ask Wanted to know 21. Some reporting verbs that Complain that Explain (to me) that Insisted that 22. Some reporting verbs to/not to ask me to. remind* me to promise* me to advise* me to order me to warn* me to 23. Some reporting verbs General that to/not to Say complain ask Tell explain remind* Ask insisted promise* advise* order warn*