- 1. Britannia or Great Britain has an area of 229,850 km2 and its the larger island of the British Isles. Great Britain is very often, but in correctly used as a synonym for the sovereign state properly known as the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (UK). Great Britain is the official name given to the two kingdoms of England and Scotland and the principality of Wales
2. Motto : Dieu et mon droit The National Song : God Save the King/ Queen The Empire Area : Great Britain The Capital City : London Language : English (formal) Cornish (Cornwall) Gaelic Scotland (Scotland) Walsh (Wales) Administration :Monarch of Parliament 3. Differences Between Great Britain and United Kingdom The United Kingdom is a country that consists of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. In fact, the official name of the country is "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Great Britain is the name of the island northwest of France and east of Ireland that consists of three somewhat autonomous regions: England, Wales and Scotland. 4. Stone Age Britain (5000 BC- 55BC) Over thousands of years, groups of people came from the continent of Europe to Britain. The very first people were StoneAge hunters living all over Europe and the British Isles. It was about 2400 BC when the first farmers arrived in England from southern Europe; these are the people who built the mysteriousstone monuments like Stonehenge. 5. The Celts (800-600 BC- Roman occupation) From around 750 BC to 12 BC, the Celts were the most powerful people in central and northern Europe. There were many groups (tribes) of Celts, speaking a vaguely common language. The word Celt comes from the Greek word, Keltoi, which means barbarians and is properly pronounced as "Kelt". 6. The Romans (55BC- AD 440) The Romans came to Britain nearly 2000 years ago and changed our country. Even today, evidence of the Romans being here, can be seen in the ruins of Roman buildings, forts, roads, and baths can be found all over Britain. The Romans invaded other countries too. The Roman Empire covered much of Europe, north Africa, and the Middle East. 7. The Anglo-Saxons (440- 1066) After the Romans left England in the 4th century,the peaceful Celtic Britons were attacked by the warlike Angles,Saxons and Jutes, three groups of people who came from West Germany and Denmark. They took control of most of the country they called, Aengla-land between AD 450 and 600. 8. The Vikings (793) The Viking Age in Britain began about 1,200 years ago in the 9th Century AD and lasted for just over 200 years. About the year 800, bands of fierce raiders began to attack our coasts. They were the Vikings (also called the Danes although they didn't just come from Denmark. The Vikings came across the North Sea, just as the Anglo-Saxons had done 400 years earlier. In time, like the Anglo-Saxons, the Vikings made their home here. They drove the Saxons out of part of the country and took it for themselves. 9. The Normans (1066) In October 1066 William, the Norman king invaded England,becoming King William I (William the Conqueror) of England.Within five years, the Normans had conquered all of England.They imposed unity on England and helped to link England with the culture of the rest of Europe. 10. The Tudor Age (1485-1603) Five hundred years ago the world was a very different place. We were only just realizing that America existed and we had no idea about Australia. England (including the Principality of Wales) and Scotland were separate kingdoms, each with their own royal family. The Tudors were a Welsh-English family that ruled England and Wales from 1485 to 1603 - one of the most exciting Periods of British history. They ruled for 118 years and during Their reign encouraged new religious ideas, overseas exploration and colonisation. 11. Victoria (1837) The Victorians lived over one hundred and fifty years ago during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837 to 1901). Victorian times means during Victoria's rule. The time Queen Victoria was on the throne. She ruled for 64 years. 12. The Rise of the British Empire ( Modern Britain ) During the 17th and 18th centuries the British sailed across the seas with the purpose of increasing British power and wealth, competing mostly with France for colonies around the world. Emigration was a solution to the over population problem in Britain. Little by little, people looking for freedom or wealth settled in these far away places. 13. The motivation in 1707 is largely economics for the Scots and political for the English. The Act Union abolishes the Scottish Parliament, giving the scott instead a proportion of the seats at Westminster ( forty-five in the commons, sixteen in the lords . Scotlands legal system, radically different from English Common law, is specifically safeguarded. 14. In conclusion, Britannia or commonly called the Great Britain has an area of 229,850 km2 and its the larger island of the British Isles Great Britain is made up of: England the capital is London. Scotland the capital is Edinburgh. Wales the capital is Cardiff. The beginnings of Great Britain start at Stone Age in 5000 BC until 500 BC and Britain became the most powerful and richest country in the world, with the largest empire that had ever existed, ruling a quarter of the world's population, when Queen Victoria was on the throne.