Энергоэффективные ограждающие конструкции

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    10-May-2015

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  • 1.EnergyEfficientBuildingEnvelope Kiev,13.5.2010 Dr.Ing.R.Himmler energydesign stuttgart IngenieurgesellschaftmbH Gropiusplatz10 70563Stuttgart Germany www.energydesignst.com robert.himmler@energydesignst.com Seite 1

2. EnergyEfficientPilotProjectUkraine StructureMinistry for Construction CooperationMinistry for Environment Contracted for ImplementationConsultancy Energy Efficient Pilot Project Consultancy Design Working GroupBuilding Design Teamm-g-hBuilding Owneringenieure + architekten GmbH Architect Structural Engineer HVAC EngineerstuttgartContractor Seite 2 3. ObjectivesoftheEnergyEfficientPilotProjectDevelopment ofenergyefficient buildingconcepts during the planning stage andimplementationAwarnessraising within the relevantnationalandmunicipal institutions,associations,chambers andthe general publicTrainingandinstruction ofarchitects,engineers,municipalities andconstructioncompanies Seite 3 4. BuildingEnvelopes Nowadays Berlin Kiev AbuDhabi Seite 4 5. HotandHumidClimateSeite 5 6. ColdandDryClimate Seite 6 7. TraditionalBuildingsinUkraine CO2 neutral energy supply thermal insulation passive shading system sufficient window/wall area Seite 7 8. EnergyBalanceofaBuilding Transmission QS QT Solar QV QiVentilationInternal GainsQT Heat Loss- Heat Gains =Qh QT + QV- ( QS+ Qi ) =Qh (Heating Demand)Seite 8 9. HeatingDemand EnergyBalance 120 110 Heat LossesHeat Gains =Heating Demand (Qh) 100passiv 90solar 20% VentilationQS 80 Nutzbare Heating Energy[kWh/m2] QV50% Gewinne 7030%internal 60Qi 50 40 30Trans Heating50% mission50% 20DemandQT Qh 100Source:TUBraunschweig,IGSSeite 9 10. CompactBuildingDesign SurfacetoVolumeRatioAArea ofBuildingEnvelopeVVolume ofBuildingSource:TUBraunschweig,IGSSeite 10 11. Kiev,SherbakovaA/V=0,24 Source:AAAArchitectsSeite 11 12. Passivesolargains shading NBuildingOrientation So t es ut hwheasut tSoShading Angle15avoid highplants (e.g.trees) Seite 12 13. Passivesolargains shading Stepping ofBuildings Roof FormsSeite 13 14. UrbanCityDesign ConsideringOrientationoftheBuildingsHeating DemandSolar GainsAppartment Area Seite 14 15. Solarisation ofUrbanPlanning Passive House Neighbourhood UlmSOUTHSeite 15 16. Solarhaus desSokrates (469 397v.Chr.) 1 Solar Radiation in Summertime 2 Solar Radiation in Wintertime 3 Terrasse 4 Living Room 5 Storage Room 6 Massiv Walls (Heat Storage) 7 Stone Floor (Heat Storage) Quelle: M. Trebersprung, Neues Bauen mit der Sonne Solar Heating Shading in Heating in WinterSummer6Seite 16 17. RollerShutter ExamplesAdvantages: improves thermalcomfort reduces cooling demand blinds burglar protectionSeite 17 18. ThermalInsulation:Roof,Walls,FloorsSeite 18 19. Walltypesthermalinsulationlightframe monolithic compositesystemconstruction sandwich Seite 19 20. ComparisonofInsulationStandardsEnEVStandardPassiveHouse UValue UValue[W/mK][W/mK]Wall 10cm

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