Διερεύνηση πιθανών επιπτώσεων στο έδαφος και το περιβάλλον και αξιολόγηση κινδύνων στη δημόσια υγεία από τη χρήση επεξεργασμένων υγρών εκ

  • Published on
    12-Jun-2015

  • View
    332

  • Download
    1

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Παρουσίαση από το Λειτουργό Γεωργικών Ερευνών Αναστάση Χρίστου

Transcript

<ul><li> 1. 1, 1, -2,3, 2,3, 2,31 2 3, , </li></ul> <p> 2. ( ) , . . . 3. YEARLY QUANTITIES OF TREATED EFFLUENT PER PLANT QUANTITIES(m3)WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011LIMASSOL6.246.8546.417.6706.548.3906.435.9005.490.1795.820.0106.635.3606.667.050PAPHOS1.837.7302.177.8832.952.4632.553.8122.380.0612.325.1822.460.5472.293.563AYIA NAPA790.926849.204680.129852.220966.609972.389 1.056.3121.011.401PARALIMNI 1.076.1311.426.5131.730.8271.419.7931.320.0531.131.9511.316.8181.444.503LARNAKA 2.287.6631.876.7642.139.1961.935.2941.840.1171.774.4982.021.6262.198.119ANTHOUPOLIS297.600297.600292.000292.000295.376573.357828.362976.715VATHIA GONIA ( WDD)457.930365.502419.553335.237310.874314.958293.905230.640VATHIA GONIA ( SBN)647.034 1.699.626TOTAL PRODUCTION (m3) (A) 12.994.834 13.411.136 14.762.558 13.824.256 12.603.269 12.912.345 15.259.964 16.521.617 REFUGEE HOUSINGS 275.575275.575275.575275.575323.025323.025323.025277.400(3 -- 2007, 4 -- 2009,2010 HOSPITALS 368.650368.650368.650368.650540.200540.200540.200474.500(4 -- 2007, 5 200 SMALL COMMUNITIES &lt; 2.000 P.E. 167.900167.900167.900167.900204.400204.400204.400237.250(3 -- 2007, 4 -- 2009, 2010, MILITARY CAMPS 150.745150.745150.745150.745249.660249.660249.660249.660(8 -- 2007, RURAL COMMUNITIES &gt; 2.000 P.E 456.250456.250456.250456.250587.650587.650770.150770.150(4 -- 2007, 5 -- 2009, 6 -SUBTOTAL (B)1.419.1201.419.1201.419.1201.419.1201.904.9351.904.9352.087.4352.008.960GRAND TOTAL (A) +(B)14.413.954 14.830.256 16.181.678 15.243.376 14.508.204 14.817.280 17.347.399 18.530.577 4. YEARLY QUANTITIES OF TREATED EFFLUENT USED FOR IRRIGATION IRRIGATION WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT20042005 2006 2007 2008 200920102011LIMASSOL 3.842.671 4.131.1674.716.4585.466.2474.700.4403.822.240 5.055.630 4.826.700PAPHOS0 00000 0 0AYIA NAPA 790.926 849.204680.129852.220966.609972.3891.056.312 1.011.401PARALIMNI1.076.131 1.426.5131.730.8271.419.7931.320.0531.131.951 1.316.818 1.444.503LARNAKA1.992.137 1.816.3481.910.8671.935.2941.840.1171.216.172 1.733.779 1.815.369ANTHOUPOLIS 297.600 297.600292.000292.000295.376573.357 828.362 976.715VATHIA GONIA ( WDD) 457.930 365.502419.553335.237310.874314.958 293.9051.699.626VATHIA GONIA ( SBN) 647.034 230.640TOTAL PRODUCTION (m3) (A)8.457.395 8.886.3349.749.83410.300.791 9.433.4698.031.067 10.931.840 12.004.954 REFUGEE HOUSINGS275.575 275.575275.575275.575323.025 323.025323.025277.400(3 -- 2007, 4 -- 2009,2010 HOSPITALS368.650 368.650368.650368.650540.200 540.200540.200474.500(4 -- 2007, 5 200 SMALL COMMUNITIES &lt; 2.000 P.E.167.900 167.900167.900167.900204.400 204.400204.400237.250(3 -- 2007, 4 -- 2009, 2010, MILITARY CAMPS150.745 150.745150.745150.745249.660 249.660249.660249.660(8 -- 2007, RURAL COMMUNITIES &gt; 2.000 P.E456.250 456.250456.250456.250587.650 587.650770.150770.150(4 -- 2007, 5 -- 2009, 6 -SUBTOTAL (B) 1.419.120 1.419.1201.419.1201.419.1201.904.9351.904.935 2.087.435 2.008.960GRAND TOTAL (A) +(B) 9.876.515 10.305.454 11.168.954 11.719.911 11.338.404 9.936.002 13.019.275 14.013.914 5. 2011 PERCENTAGES OF TREATED EFFLUENT DISPOSED 8.12%3.88%12.38%75.63%PERCENTAGE OF TREATED EFFLUENT DISCHARGED TO THE SEAPERCENTAGE OF TREATED EFFLUENT DISCHARGED TO POLEMIDIA DAMPERCENTAGE OF TREATED EFFLUENT USED FOR AQUIFER RESCHARGEPERCENTAGE OF TREATED EFFLUENT USED FOR IRRIGATION PURPOSES 6. GRAPH FOR QUANTITIES OF TREATED EFFLUENT USED FOR IRRIGATION m316,000,000 14,013,91413,019,27514,000,00011,168,954 11,719,911 11,338,404 9,876,51510,305,4549,936,00212,000,00010,000,000 8,000,000 6,000,000 4,000,000 2,000,0000 2004200520062007 2008 2009 2010 2011 7. (..) 2015 202551,000,000 69,000,00014,000,000 16,000,00065,000,00085,000,000 8. - - 9. - - -- 10. - - 11. - - - &amp; - 12. 13. 1. Physico-chemical and microbial analysis of Larnakas MWTP effluent during 2010Minimum MaximumMean Effluent ParameterValue ValueValueThreshlold pH 7.10 8.307.70 6.5-8.5 EC (mS/cm) 3.60 4.784.00 2.20-3.50 BOD 5 (mg O 2 /L)2.00 6.003.00 10.00 COD (mg O 2 /L)26.0073.00 43.0070.00 SS (mg/L)7.00 18.00 12.0010.00 E. coli (cfu/100 ml) 0.00 0.000.00 5.00 Total N (mg/L) 12.6026.90 18.8615.00 Total P (mg/L) 1.50 4.203.16 10.00 -770.00 1214.00 897.00 300-800 Cl (mg/L) Zn (mg/L)b.l.q. 0.020.02 0.10 Mn (mg/L)0.03 0.040.03 0.10 Ni (mg/L)0.02 0.020.02 0.20 Cu (mg/L)b.l.q. b.l.q.b.l.q. 0.10 Co (mg/L)0.01 0.020.02 0.10 14. 8 2010 ( ) : 1. 2.pH 3. 4. (Cl-) 5. (Co, Zn,Ni, Mn, Cu) 6. 15. Chemical analysis (pH, EC, CaCO3, Fe and Cl-) of the sampled sites irrigated for 0.5, 4 and 8 years with Larnakas MWTP effluent, along with their contiguous controls, in 4 soil profile layers reaching 1 m depthSoil Profile Period ofpHEC (mS/cm)CaCO3 (%)Fe (gr/Kg)Cl- (mg/L)DepthirrigationWastewaterWastewaterWastewaterWastewater Wastewater(cm) (years)ControlControl Control Control Control IrrigationIrrigationIrrigationIrrigation Irrigation0.5 8.780.02 8.360.02 * 1.010.01 5.560.27 * 40.002.12 36.503.34 35.410.90 33.631.60 136.404.97 1278.3016.57*0-254 8.360.08 8.400.04 1.240.05 5.290.14 * 50.002.44 50.002.03 36.560.22 37.601.20 163.206.81 1043.5028.02*8 8.550.06 8.550.07 1.380.13 7.460.12 * 21.501.78 21.001.23 16.030.66 20.711.33 * 181.804.16 1655.5028.58*0.5 8.350.01 8.180.03 * 1.340.10 5.210.24 * 40.002.03 37.502.34 27.101.72 32.874.01 155.9016.11 1275.8015.13 *26-50 4 8.650.09 8.240.05 * 1.670.05 8.250.41 * 50.000.89 50.002.45 32.510.48 39.172.30 * 191.9012.00 2037.9011.20 *8 8.550.07 8.360.03 1.450.06 9.340.19 * 27.003.03 24.001.11 19.710.75 17.811.14 220.203.98 2238.40126.96 *0.5 8.260.05 8.350.03 1.570.05 5.410.14 * 41.002.67 36.003.11 30.792.50 33.682.52 168.1011.60 1395.4034.99 *51-75 4 8.740.07 8.060.04 * 1.520.08 8.080.13 * 50.001.88 50.001.98 33.310.63 31.291.26 177.4010.96 2136.90104.90*8 8.290.09 8.170.06 1.500.03 12.110.16 * 30.003.01 29.501.34 16.890.48 21.370.87 * 204.0012.36 3183.7028.81*0.5 8.040.04 8.150.07 1.550.14 8.050.16 * 36.002.11 39.002.45 33.302.58 27.451.49 166.5027.42 2208.6075.80 *76-1004 8.730.03 8.440.14 1.700.04 7.700.10 * 50.003.24 48.004.11 34.681.10 34.391.08 170.208.95 2257.7088.45*8 8.310.05 8.100.02 * 1.830.05 12.190.21 * 36.504.21 30.003.78 18.511.50 22.610.05 129.500.11 3141.2016.34 *Data are means SE of five replications* indicates the comtrol and wastewater irrigation pair values that are significantly different according to Duncans multiple range test at significance level 5% (P 0.05) 16. Heavy metal in the sampled sites irrigated for 0.5, 4 and 8 years with Larnakas MWTP effluent, along with their contiguous controls, in 4 soil profile layers reaching 1 m depthSoil Period of ZnNiMnCuCoProfile irrigation Wastewater Wastewater WastewaterWastewaterWastewater(cm) (years) Control IrrigationControlIrrigation Control IrrigationControl IrrigationControl Irrigation 0.5 126.045.17 134.227.85 42.365.31 42.301.76 1138.3226.74 1211.4848.49 90.723.60 94.380.80 21.320.3320.830.450-25 4 174.704.64 177.876.84 42.580.25 43.901.28 1322.867.70 1225.9238.62 84.012.17 91.302.58 26.170.10 25.170.66 8 67.036.80 62.336.3652.422.34 46.850.21 774.3827.35 849.5145.27 38.361.48 51.083.57 * 19.130.30 20.340.15 * 0.5 121.356.90 121.140.34 36.253.07 40.321.15 1163.1144.57 1178.6251.72 88.175.47 83.756.11 20.190.6121.050.6026-50 4121.515.95 125.905.03 41.830.68 41.692.55 1085.5217.03 1129.2052.93 79.840.72 82.092.61 23.990.4125.691.80 8 71.916.24 79.692.0649.632.60 51.602.30 871.3020.01 836.3332.56 51.292.29 43.023.07 18.220.53 20.370.28 * 0.5 101.547.57 104.116.05 29.962.34 30.823.80 1099.8787.07 1124.0081.26 78.723.29 87.013.48 20.850.5822.051.1651-75 4117.121.05 123.407.50 41.921.46 42.322.13 1074.9614.94 990.549.97 * 76.391.49 77.033.71 25.780.8925.520.66 8 57.770.85 66.291.31 * 59.754.05 50.480.68 987.8445.30 930.0138.20 43.842.19 49.382.06 21.171.1020.941.06 0.5 75.852.44 77.363.4126.600.88 29.032.85 1008.3744.15 875.0234.44 84.527.00 69.573.21 22.080.3818.621.02 *76-100 4 125.929.17 124.488.92 32.050.84 32.591.14 1059.1031.03 1050.3233.18 86.142.43 78.432.98 23.530.5426.040.38 * 8 68.740.98 72.181.3450.011.59 51.680.52 961.0415.86 963.064.29 45.973.92 54.710.65 19.670.6320.070.27Data are means SE of five replications.* indicates the comtrol and wastewater irrigation pair values that are significantly different according to Duncans multiple range test at significance level 5% (P 0.05) 17. 2011 : 12/10/2011 /dS/mdS/m dS/mdS/m 0-25 cm 26-50 cm 51-75 cm 76-100 cmTrt 1- Control-Rainfed (50/6, / 148/6)1,39 1,32 1,74 2,01Trt 2-W.W.- 1,5 years (50/14 / 69) 6,25 8,02 6,05 5,63Trt 3-W.W.- 5 years (50/7, / 31/5) 3,09 3,75 4,33 3,95Trt 3-W.W.- 9 years-(50/6, / 31/2) 5,91 5,43 4,25 5,88 : 23/11/2011Trt 1- Control-Rainfed (50/6, / 148/6)1,66Trt 2-W.W.- 1,5 years (50/14 / 69) 1,98Trt 3-W.W.- 5 years (50/7, / 31/5) 2,84Trt 3-W.W.- 9 years-(50/6, / 31/2) 2,44 , . , , . 8/10/2010, 2010. 12/10/2011, 2011 . , 23/11/2011 . . 18. 1. , , , , (Maas, E. V., and Hoffman, G.J. (1977). Crop salt tolerance current assessment.. Journal of the Irrigation and Drainage Division. ASCE 103: 115-134.).2. (, , ) , , .3. , , (infiltration rate), (leaching fraction). 19. 2. , .... 2011BOD5 mg/L 4,00 mg/LCOD 33,00 pH 8,15 SSmg/L 4,20Conductivity dS/m 1,69 Total Nitrogenmg/L 6,92Total Phosphrous mg/L 2,03oronmg/L 0,25Residual Chlorinemg/L 0,68 mg/Litrates5,27E.coli/ 100ml 0,00Intestinal Worms/ 100ml 0,00 20. 3 2.52 EC (dS/m) 1.51 0.50 45 40 35 30 25NO3- (ppm) 20 15 1050 21. 700600500Cl- (ppm)4003002001000 22. Heavy metal content (mg/Kg FW) in Citrus Fruit (Mantora) irrigated for10 years with Lemesos W.W.T.P. wastewaterHeavyConcentrationMPLsmetal mg/Kg FW mg/Kg FWMn 0.2960.007 5Co 0.1180.0040.2Cu 0.4330.020 20Zn 0.7170.019 5Ni 0.1430.0060.2Pb b.l.q. 0.05Heavy metal content (mg/Kg DW) in Lolium stems and leaves irrigated for 10years with Lemesos W.W.T.P. wastewaterHeavy ConcentrationMPLsmetalmg/Kg DWmg/Kg DWMn54.4160.452Co 0.5070.036Cu 9.2830.195 20Zn35.1410.173 50Ni 2.7090.069 2Pbb.l.q. 23. 3. , . . , pH, . , , . 24. ., ( , , , Salmonella spp., E. coli O157:H7 Listeria spp.. ( ) ( UV ) ( , ). 25. ( )(Control wW) .... (Membrane3 Bioreactor (MBR) treatment process + UV disinfection)( )(Anthoupoli WW) .... (Slow sand filtrationtreatment process + chlorination) (Lemesos WW)5 (20 ) : 300 .... .... 24 .. 26. Tensiometers 27. Chemical and microbial analysis of the three sources of irrigation water Measurement Control Anthoupoli WWTP- Lemesos WWTP- Parameter Unit(well water) WastewaterWastewaterpH 8.45 8.3 8.54EC dS/m3.131.59 1.81 BOD5mg/L</p>

Recommended

View more >