CLIW 2014—2015 (5/12): Vizualizarea datelor

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<ul><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Dezvoltarea aplicaiilor Webla nivel de client</p><p>vizualizarea datelor</p><p>o privire de ansamblu</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Above all else show the data.</p><p>Edward R. Tufte</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Realitate</p><p>volumul mare de date disponibile(n special pe Web)</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>www.worldometers.info</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Necesiti</p><p>integrarea, simplificarea i monetizarea sistemelor informaionale existente i a volumelor masive </p><p>de date pe care acestea le dein</p><p>de citit www.softviscollection.org/intro/a-thousand-words/</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Necesiti</p><p>integrarea, simplificarea i monetizarea sistemelor informaionale existente i a volumelor masive </p><p>de date pe care acestea le dein</p><p>datainformationknowledgewisdom</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Ce reprezint vizualizarea datelor?</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Data vizualization</p><p>o clas de tehnici viznd augmentarea cogniiei</p><p>the use of computer-supported, interactive, visual representations of abstract data </p><p>in order to amplify cognition</p><p>Card, Mackinlay &amp; Shneiderman, 1999</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Data vizualization</p><p>proces de asociere a informaiei la factori vizuali</p><p>data visualization is expert storytelling Murray, 2013</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Data vizualization</p><p>proces de asociere a informaiei la factori vizuali</p><p>data visualization is expert storytelling Murray, 2013</p><p>definirea de reguli de interpretare a datelor i exprimarea valorilor lor ca proprieti vizuale</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>informa-tion</p><p>design</p><p>data per-ceptuali-</p><p>zation</p><p>data visuali-zation</p><p>scientific visuali-zation</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Criterii minimale pe care trebuie s le ndeplineascorice tehnic de vizualizare pragmatic:</p><p>recurgerea la date (non-vizuale)</p><p>producerea unei imagini</p><p>rezultatele oferite s fie lizibile i recognoscibile</p><p>Robert Kosara, 2008http://eagereyes.org/criticism/definition-of-visualization</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Beneficii adaptare dup Card et al. (2009):</p><p>reducerea cutrii informaiilor de interes</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Beneficii adaptare dup Card et al. (2009):</p><p>mbuntirea detectrii tiparelor (patterns)</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Beneficii adaptare dup Card et al. (2009):</p><p>codificarea informaiilor n cadrul unui mediu interactiv</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Beneficii adaptare dup Card et al. (2009):</p><p>monitorizarea evoluiei datelor/cunotinelor</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>codata visualization</p><p>How Music Travels un experiment de vizualizare animat</p><p>http://www.thomson.co.uk/blog/wp-content/uploads/infographic/interactive-music-map/</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Beneficii adaptare dup Card et al. (2009):</p><p>realizarea de inferene</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>codata visualization</p><p>vezi Hans Rolins, New insights on poverty, TED 2007</p><p>www.ted.com/talks/hans_rosling_reveals_new_insights_on_poverty</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Beneficii adaptare dup Card et al. (2009):</p><p>permiterea explorrii spaiului valorilor parametrilor de vizualizare i facilitarea operaiilor </p><p>desfurate de utilizatori</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Origini</p><p>hri</p><p>specific, ntr-o manier abstract, arii geografice cunoscute + ofer moduri de orientare</p><p>ulterior, pun la dispoziie informaii pentru crearea de strategii n caz de ostiliti </p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Imago Mundi Babilon (secolul V .e.n.)www.ancient-wisdom.co.uk/cartography.htm</p><p>imagini oferite de Wikimedia Commons </p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Origini</p><p>diagrame</p><p>vezi lucrrile lui Euclid n domeniul geometriei</p><p>utilizate n tiin (e.g., de Newton) pentru a nregistraobservaii, a determina relaii, a explica metodologia</p><p>unor experimente, a clasifica i conceptualiza fenomene</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>codata visualization</p><p>ilustrarea fenomenelor optice Isaac Newtonconform Robin (1992)</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Origini</p><p>diagrame abstracte</p><p>privesc informaii non-fizice</p><p>un exemplu timpuriu: Playfair (1786)</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Origini</p><p>design vizual + grafice privind datele</p><p>principii de proiectare a vizualizrii datelor (infovis)</p><p>Edward Tufte (1983, 1990, 1997)</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Origini</p><p>statistica</p><p>analiza exploratorie a datelor (multi-dimensionale)</p><p>Tukey (1977), Cleveland &amp; McGill (1988)</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Origini</p><p>vizualizarea tiinific</p><p>instrumente software analitice</p><p>pentru analizarea riguroas a seturilor de date masive</p><p>McCormick &amp; DeFanti (1987)</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Origini</p><p>grafica computaional + inteligena artificial</p><p>proiectarea automat a prezentrilor vizuale ale datelor</p><p>Mackinlay (1986), Roth &amp; Mattis (1990), Casner (1991)</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Origini</p><p>interaciunea om-calculator</p><p>noi interfee &amp; interaciuni cu utilizatorul</p><p>Robertson, Card &amp; Mackinlay (1989), Shneiderman (1992)</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Data vizualization vs. infographics</p><p>o tehnic de vizualizare eventual, generat automat poate fi aplicat mai multor seturi de date</p><p>infograficele sunt create manual pentru un set particular de date, conform unui scop specific</p><p>http://eagereyes.org/blog/2010/the-difference-between-infographics-and-visualization </p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>codata visualization</p><p>The nature of the visualization depends on which relationship is dominant. </p><p>N. Iliinsky &amp; J. Steele, Designing Data Visualizations, OReilly, 2011</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>codata visualization</p><p>The nature of the visualization depends on which relationship is dominant. </p><p>N. Iliinsky &amp; J. Steele, Designing Data Visualizations, OReilly, 2011</p><p>infographicsdata/info viz</p><p>e.g., generative art</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Design privind vizualizrile datelor</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>Visualization</p><p>the mapping of data to visual formthat supports human interaction in a workplace </p><p>for visual sense making</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Stuart Card, Information Visualization, Human-Computer Interaction Handbook (2nd Edition), </p><p>Taylor &amp; Francis, 2008 </p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p><p>date iniiale, neprelucrate (raw data)</p><p>structuri de date: relaii + meta-date (data tables)</p><p>structuri vizuale: elemente grafice (visual structures)</p><p>vizualizri (interactive) percepute de utilizator (views)</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Raw Data(seturi de) date de vizualizat, </p><p>disponibile n diverse formate binare/textuale</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Data Transformationsofer vectori normalizai ntr-un spaiu n dimensional</p><p>eventual, pot implica diverse operaii de filtrare</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Data Tablestructuri de date convenabil alese:</p><p>relaii (depinznd de variabilele considerate) i meta-date</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Data Tablestructuri de date convenabil alese:</p><p>relaii (depinznd de variabilele considerate) i meta-date</p><p>tabele de obiecte + atributele lor</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Data Tableexemplu pentru vizualizri de producii cinematografice</p><p>obiecte de baz = instane ale conceptului film</p><p>atribute (proprieti) asociate fiecrui obiect aici, film:titlu, an al apariiei, gen, durat, actori,</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>pot fi considerate meta-date</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Data Tablereprezentare funcional (abstract)</p><p>f (input variables) = output variables</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Data Tablereprezentare funcional (abstract)</p><p>f (input variables) = output variables</p><p>Year (FilmID = 540) = 1926</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Data Tablevariabilele implic o scal de msurare a valorii lor</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Data Tablevariabilele implic o scal de msurare a valorii lor</p><p>o variabil nominal N este o mulime neordonate.g., titluri de film { Star Wars, Brazil, The Wall,}</p><p>pot fi utilizai operatorii de (in)egalitate</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Data Tablevariabilele implic o scal de msurare a valorii lor</p><p>o variabil ordinal O este un tuplu (mulime ordonat)e.g., film ratings &lt; G, PG, PG-13, R &gt;</p><p>pot fi aplicai operatori relaionali precum </p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Data Tablevariabilele implic o scal de msurare a valorii lor</p><p>o variabil cantitativ Q este un interval numerice.g., durata filmului [0, 400]</p><p>pot fi folosii operatorii aritmetici</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Data Tablen funcie de natura vizualizrii, </p><p>se poate recurge la subtipuri de date</p><p>quantitative spatial variabile viznd spaiul 2D/3D, folosite pentru vizualizri tiinifice</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Data Tablen funcie de natura vizualizrii, </p><p>se poate recurge la subtipuri de date</p><p>quantitative geographical variabile spaiale ce specific anumite coordonate geografice</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Data Tablen funcie de natura vizualizrii, </p><p>se poate recurge la subtipuri de date</p><p>quantitative similarity variabile privind similaritatea</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Data Tablen funcie de natura vizualizrii, </p><p>se poate recurge la subtipuri de date</p><p>unstructured scale variabile avnd valori speciale, indicnd prezena/absena (e.g., error flag)</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>clase de variabile implicate n vizualizarea datelor</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Data Tableanumite scale de valori pot fi alterate via transformri</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Data Tableanumite scale de valori pot fi alterate via transformri</p><p>e.g., variabilele cantitative pot avea asociate variabile ordinale</p><p>durata filmului [0, 400] min. </p><p>clase de valori</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Data Tableanumite scale de valori pot fi alterate via transformri</p><p>e.g., variabilele nominale pot fi convertite la valori ordinaletitluri de filme { Star Wars, Brazil, The Wall }</p><p> &lt; The Wall, Star Wars, Brazil &gt;</p><p>sortare</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Visual Mappingscrearea unor abstraciuni analitice n scopul vizualizrii</p><p>de la coordonate spaiale la suprafee ale unui peisaj informaional 2D/3D</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Visual Structuresutilizarea unui vocabular de elemente vizuale:</p><p>substraturi spaiale + marcaje + proprieti grafice</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Visual Structuresscop: asocierea sistematic a relaiilor dintre date </p><p>ntr-o form vizualcodificri vizuale (visual encodings)</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Visual Structuresspatial substrate</p><p>marksconnectionenclosure</p><p>retinal propertiestemporal encoding</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Visual Structuressubstrat spaial spatial substrate</p><p>spaiul liber disponibil (empty space) poate fi considerat ca avnd o structur metric</p><p>tip de scal axe spaiale</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Visual Structuressubstrat spaial spatial substrate</p><p>axe spaiale importante</p><p>U valori nestructurate nicio axN valori nominale regiune avnd sub-regiuniO valori ordinale ordinea sub-regiunilor e importantQ valori cantitative o regiune are ataat o metric</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Visual Structuressubstrat spaial spatial substrate</p><p>axe spaiale lineare ori radiale</p><p>pot implica orice sisteme de coordonate spaiale folosite e.g., recurgerea la coordonate carteziene</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Visual Structuressubstrat spaial spatial substrate</p><p>axe spaiale lineare ori radiale</p><p>exemplificare: utilizarea a 2 axe ortogonale cantitative </p><p>pentru vizualizarea popularitii unui film n timp</p><p>Year QX Popularity QY</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Visual Structuresmarcaje marks</p><p>entiti vizibile ce apar n spaiu: puncte, linii, arii, volume</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Visual Structurestipuri de marcaje marks</p><p>marcajele de tip punct i linie ocup loc n spaiui pot avea asociate proprieti precum forma</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>co</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Visual Structuresconectori &amp; zone connection &amp; enclosure</p><p>punctele i liniile pot fi folosite pentru a desemna diverse structuri topologice e.g., grafuri, arbori </p><p>specificnd relaiile dintre obiecte</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Visual Structuresconectori &amp; zone connection &amp; enclosure</p><p>zonele pot fi utilizate pentru ierarhii, contururi, diagrame Venn</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Visual Structuresproprieti perceptibile retinal properties</p><p>poziie, mrime, orientare, culoare, textur, form</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Visual Structuresproprieti perceptibile retinal properties</p><p>poziie, mrime, orientare, culoare, textur, form</p><p>aspecte de interes: claritate (crispness), rezoluie, </p><p>transparen, poziionare (arrangement)</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Visual Structuresproprieti perceptibile retinal properties</p><p>poziie, mrime, orientare, culoare, textur, form</p><p>exemplu: culoarea cod vizual ilustrnd genul filmuluiFilmID (Genre) P (Color)</p><p>230 (Action) P (Red)</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>Visual Structurescodificare temporal temporal encoding</p><p>date referitoare la timp ce trebuie vizualizateversus</p><p>animaie asocierea dintre timp i valoarea unei variabile</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>in B</p><p>ura</p><p>ga</p><p>www.purl.org/net/busa</p><p>covisualization modeling</p><p>View Transformationsofer diverse maniere de vizualizare (reprezentri grafice)</p><p>conform necesitilor aplicaiei / scopului utilizatorului</p></li><li><p>Dr.</p><p> Sab</p><p>