Technical Education & Vocational Training (TEVT) for Youths - Jeffrey Tan

  • Published on

  • View

  • Download

Embed Size (px)




<ul><li> 1. Employment and Business Opportunitiesvia Technical &amp; Vocational Training andCertification2</li></ul><p> 2. 2.1%According to statistics, Malaysias population nett growthrate is 2.1%. 201028,900,000 (2890)(Estimated population in 2010: 28,900,000 (28.9 million). 201060This works out to an increase of about 600,000 people in2010(2010122Announced in Nanyang Siang Pau 22nd January 2010) - Figure from Statistics Department)3 3. The additional citizens every year will need extra:- Food; Clothing; Education, facilities; Housing, transport, health care; Employment opportunities etc. 4 4. Where will the income (money) come from? Where will the jobs come from for these additionalpopulation (over million every year!)These have to come from an expanding nationaleconomys development programme over the years,especially in the manufacturing and services industries. 5 5. SMEs need to acquire technology, production andmanagement skills to supply internationally competitiveproducts &amp; services. To do so, SME operators &amp; workers must betechnically qualified to understand &amp; apply the latestnew technology in their manufacturing &amp; serviceenterprises.6 6. This is where we have to encourage &amp; assist moreyoung Malaysians to acquire technical &amp; vocationaltraining &amp; certification as a base to become competitiveSMEs. 7 7. 2008As of 2008, the number of students who do not furthertheir studies after Form 5 (for one reason or another)come to According to Ministry of Education (Perangkaan Pendidikan Malaysia 2008)8 8. This is the group that community leaders shouldoffer guidance &amp; assistance for them to opt for thetechnical &amp; vocational training &amp; certification so thatthey can be the productive members of the society. Otherwise they may drift into low paying menial jobs oreven questionable activities and lead to social problems.9 9. Sourced: Website of Ministry of Human Resource, 20th Oct 2011 10 10. Sourced: Labour and Human Resources Statistics 2010 by Ministry of Human Resource11 11. Our Objectives1. To encourage and assist students and graduates to study &amp; train in the technical &amp; vocational schools and to obtain proper certification, both in the public and private training institutions.2. To help create more competitive and quality conscious SMEs and thus contribute to national economic development. 12 12. 3. To help foster more trained technical &amp; vocational workers to overcome the shortage of skilled manpower in our countrys Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and industrial development.4. Adequate number of skilled technical workers and tradesmen will help to attract FDI as well as retain existing foreign investors in the country.13 13. Advantages of Being an Certified Technician 1. Trained skilled workers will have no problem landing well paid-jobs, as well as to be promoted to supervisors, managers etc., not only in Malaysia, but also in overseas.2. Technical and vocational training provides a strong foundation for future entrepreneurs in manufacturing and servicing sectors. After acquiring the Technical and Vocational Training and Certification, the worker (with years of working experience) can become an entrepreneur.14 14. 3. They can tender for contracts with their technical qualification background. With these training, they will be able to access to newer technologies, as well as applied to their businesses.15 15. It is the norm now to emphasise on technical &amp;vocational certification, in employment as skilledworkers, supervisors, managers, investment or doingbusiness either in Malaysia or in foreign countries. 16 16. Channels of Technical and Vocational Training17 17. Most students have wrong perception that governmenttechnical &amp; vocational schools are for Bumiputras only.Even if this is not the case, they dont like such studyenvironment due to cultural differences.Some students could not afford the school fees even if theyare interested in technical &amp; vocational training.18 18. Target Students Student who are usually not good in academic study but veryinterested in the technical &amp; vocational training19 19. Type of Vocational Training Car repair &amp; maintenance, wiring, air-cond repair &amp;maintenance, plumbing, mechatronic, welding, die-casting,precision tooling, bakery, beauty &amp; cosmetic, healthtreatment, bakery, hair-dressing, multimedia programming,tailoring, printing, plastic moulding, woodwork and etc.20 20. () The government through its various ministries &amp; agencies(Ministry of Education, Human Resource, InternationalTrade &amp; Industry, Youth &amp; Sports etc.) have set up a largenumber oftechnical&amp; vocationaltraininginstitutions, some with hostel facilities &amp; even offeringfinancial assistance. 21 21. (Politeknik)Polytechnics of Ministry of Higher Education 2449 Offers 24 certificate courses and 49 diploma courses 24 Certificate courses: 2 years (4 semesters) 36 Diploma courses: 3 years (6 semesters) Requirement: SPM SPM (with passes in Bahasa Malaysia, and Mathematics or Add Maths) 22 22. 2: 23(7)910 (1)2 intakes/year: Feb/Mar (Starts July); Sep/Oct (Starts Jan) RM200Fee: RM200/semester, plus hostel &amp; registration fee, can applyfor scholarship/financial assistance 2727 polytechnics in total, located throughout the country 23 23. State Name of Politeknik1 PerlisPoliteknik Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin (PTSS)2Politeknik Sultan Abdul Halim Muadzam Shah (MAS) Kedah3Politeknik Tuanku Sultanah Bahiyah (PTSB)4Politeknik Jeli (PJK) Kelantan5Politeknik Kota Bharu (PKB)678 Penang Perak Politeknik Seberang Perai (PSP) Politeknik Balik Pulau (PBU) Politeknik Ungku Omar (PUO)9Politeknik Sultan Azlan Shah (PSAS)10 Politeknik Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah (PSA)11 SelangorPoliteknik Sultan Idris Shah (PSIS)12 Politeknik Banting (PBS)13 Politeknik Port Dickson (PPD) Negeri Sembilan14 Politeknik Nilai (PNS)15 Politeknik Kota Melaka (PKM) Melaka16 Politeknik Merlimau (PMM)17 Politeknik Johor Bahru (PJB) Johor18 Politeknik Mersing (PMJ)19 Politeknik Sultan Haji Admad Shah (SAS) Pahang20 Politeknik Muadzam Shah (PMS)21 Politeknik Kota Kuala Terengganu (PKKT)22 TerengganuPoliteknik Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin (PSMZA)23 Politeknik Hulu Terengganu (PHT)24 Politeknik Kota Kinabalu (PKK) Sabah25 Politeknik Sandakan (PSS)26 Politeknik Kuching (PKS)24 Sarawak27 Politeknik Mukah (PMU) 24. Ministry of Human Resource - Institut Latihan Perusahaan (ILP) ILP) 223922 ILPs in total, offers 39 courses 17Intake all year round, courses start every Jan and July 623Certificate courses: depends on the courses, duration from 6months to 2 years 3 months, no school fee required 2RM3000Diploma courses: 2 years, RM3000 per year 25 25. State Name1 PerlisILP Kangar2 KedahILP Jitra3 KelantanILP Kota Bharu4ILP Perai5 Penang ILP Kepala Batas6ILP Arumugam Pilai Nibong Tebal7 PerakILP Ipoh8 SelangorILP Kuala Langat9 Negeri Sembilan ILP Pedas10 ILP Bukit Katil Melaka11 ILP Selandar12 ILP Pasir Gudang13 JohorILP Ledang14 ILP Mersing15 Pahang ILP Kuantan16 TerengganuILP Kuala Terengganu17 ILP Kota Kinabalu Sabah18 ILP Sandakan19 ILP Kota Samarahan Sarawak20 ILP Miri21 ILP Kuala Lumpur22 Wilayah Persekutuan ILP Labuan 26 26. Centre for Instructor and Advanced Skills Training (CIAST) 2 2 types of courses: Instructor Certificate &amp; Higher Diploma courses 9 Certificate courses: 9 months duration 2 Diploma courses: 2 years duration 2 2 intakes per year, no school fees required 27 27. Japan-Malaysia Technical Institute (JMTI) 4offers industrial technical diploma &amp; higher diploma courses for 4 varioussectors: manufacturing technology, electronic engineering, mechatronicsengineering and computer engineering 32diploma courses: 3 years; advanced diploma courses: 2 years 17intake all year round, courses start every Jan &amp; July 1730for Malaysian aged 17 to 30 RM3000RM616fee: RM3000/year, can apply for study loan; hostel fee: RM616/year 28 28. Advanced Technology Training Centre (ADTEC) 4 4 in total, located at Shah Alam, Kulim, Batu Pahat &amp; Melaka each Offers diploma &amp; advanced diploma courses 17 Intakes all year round, courses start every Jan &amp; July RM3000 Fee: RM3000/year, can apply for study loan 29 29. Institut Kemahiran Belia Negara (IKBN) by Ministry of Youth andSports 16 16 in total, located all over the country Offers Level 1 to Level 5 Malaysian Skill Certification courses 63 Certificate courses: 6 months; Diploma courses: 3 years 23/479/101 2 intakes/year: Mar/Apr (starts July); Sep/Oct (starts Jan) RM100RM300 No fee required, Meals provided, Living allowance of RM100 RM300 Website: 30. State Name1 PerlisIKBN Kuala Perlis 2 KedahIKBN Jitra3 KelantanIKBN Bachok4 Penang IKBN Bukit Mertajam5 PerakIKBN Seri Iskandar6 SelangorIKBN Sepang7IKBN Dusun Tua8IKBN Peretak9 Negeri Sembilan IKBN Chembong10 MelakaIKBN Alor Gajah11 JohorIKBN Pagoh12 IKBN Pontian13 Pahang IKBN Temerloh14 TerengganuIKBN Wakaf Tapai15 SabahIKBN Kinarut16 Sarawak IKBN Miri 31 31. Agencies set up by state governments INPENS (), ITP () INPENS (Selangor), ITP (Perak) Semi-government agencies SHRDC ( - German-Malaysian Institute( 32 32. (WIT)In addition, there are many technical &amp; vocational traininginstitutions set up &amp; run by the private sector (e.g.Workers Institute of Technology, Montfort Boys Town etc.)33 33. Difference between Government Institutionsand Private Colleges Government Institutions Private CollegesFree or lower fee, some provide living allowance Need to pay full fee /Mostly can apply for various government Only certain eligible courses are entitle to apply forscholarship/fund, or automatically entitle for government scholarship/fund or apply for privateallowance scholarship/fund / Depending on the courses, could be lecture inLecture in Bahasa Malaysia English or Bahasa Malaysia; those managed by Chinese can use Mandarin as teaching language34 34. Difference between Government Institutionsand Private Colleges Government Institutions Private Colleges Courses well recognisedbygovernmentdepartments/agencies Eligible courses will be recognised by MQA, London City and Guilds or other certification bodies Facility and equipment depending on individualWell equipped institution Allocated to certain branch or training location Freedom to choose institution and coursesaccording to quota allocated/More stable funded by government Instable fund/income funded by private35 35. Certification for Existing Technicians 36 36. Jabatan Pembangunan Kemahiran (JPK) MLVK 22/5 1 (SKM1) 62 (SKM2) 13 (SKM3) 24 (DKM4) 3 + 35 (DLKM5)4 + 6 37 37. * NOSS* / 38 38. National Occupational Skill Standard (NOSS) SKM 39 39. NOSS 40 40. JPK (Pusat Bertauliah) JPK SKM (Sistem Latihan Dual Nasional -SLDN) SKM 30%70% 41 41. JPK (Pentauliahan PencapaianTerdahulu, PPT) JPKSKM42 42. (Pentauliahan Pencapaian Terdahulu, PPT) PPT 43 43. PPT? 6SKM 11 SKM 22 SKM 33 DKM45 DLKM 544 44. PPT Application &amp;PortfolioRegistration CertificateIssuance Assessment JPK VerificationPPPPL45 45. PPT RM300 PPJPK 46. 47 47. (PP) 48 48. 49 49. The Role of Chambers of Commerce 50 50. 3 C We have often come across the 3Cs of the manufacturingand service industries in Malaysia, especially amongSMEs i.e. Complaints, Criticise, Condemn on notenough skilled workers. Workers who clamour for more pay, more benefits, butwant less working hour 51 51. 3 C Apart from the 3Cs which can serve to air our frustration,should we do something PRACTICAL AND POSITIVEabout this situation? Such as helping to train more skilled workers with theright attitude! After all, this issue will affect our economic future. 52 52. Trade organisations and associations should complement government efforts to train more skilled workers in the technical &amp; vocational fields, for not only the existing industries but also the new investments that we are trying to attract and retain in Malaysia.53 53. Being leaders in the countrys trade and industrycommunity, the chambers and trade organisation shouldeach set up and lead a working committee, comprisingrepresentativesfromotherrelevant tradeorganisations,associations,educationists andprofessionals to formulate and implement an ActionPlan to train more skilled workers. 54 54. Action Plan55 55. Establishment of Special Task Force The Special Task Force must combine all forces, coveringeducation industry (secondary school principals, counselingteachers, PIBGs and head of the local Institute of Technology),community and local associations and those capable people The Special task Force must utilise the resources of chambersof commerce chambers understand the needs of the industry,its contacts and networking, its buildings, its fund and etc.56 56. Establishment of Special Task Force The direction of the Special Task Force must be clearly dividedinto two parts: Encouraging Chinese youth to enroll into formal technical and vocational institutes to acquire necessary skills and obtain recognised certification; Encourage in-service technicians obtain certification in order to enhance their competitiveness.57 57. Working Plan The Special Task Force must prepare short, medium and long-term work plan and set goals, to implement and regularly review the scheme. The Special Task Force must maintain good relationship with local technical and vocational institutes (both government or private), and even join in as consultants to the institutes, in order to influence the institutes courses content and admissions standards to ensure that no administrative error affecting the enrolment of Chinese students, as well as to the quality of the course content. 58 58. Working Plan The Special Task Force is responsible for the appointment ofappropriate candidates to become audit officers representingthe Chamber of Commerce, to assist the in-service techniciansobtain certification. The Special Task Force must monitor andoversee the quality of the said officers to ensure that themechanism is not abused.59 59. Promotion Objectives of Promotion and publicity: Rectify the bias of some people towards technical trainingand blue-collar works For Chinese community to understand the industrys needsfor technicians and skilled workers For students and parents to see the prospects of technicalworks 60 60. Promotion Let the Chinese community, especially the in-service techniciansand employers understand the importance of certification and theshortcomings of no certification Let the students and parents aware of the ways to furtherstudy, especially technical and vocational institutes, encouragingChinese youth to utilise the facility provided by the government 61 61. Means of Promotion and Publicity : to ensure that the information be effectively communicated to Students: Through Majlis Pengetua Sekolah-Sekolah Menengah...</p>